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Peyronie’s disease is a form of erectile dysfunction, which causes bending the penis (plastic, hardening of the penis), which could make the erection becomes painful.
Scar adhesions are formed mostly on the upper side of the penis, but it happens to occur also on the bottom or sides. Erectile dysfunction, which occurs with the disease is a condition in which a man has difficulty maintaining an erection, which can contribute to problems in sexual contact. The disease can occur in every man, regardless of the age.
The causes of Peyronie’s disease
The exact causes of the disease are not known, but research shows that it appears most frequently as a result of the injury of the penis, as unfortunate fold or impact. Appearing as a consequence of the injury scar makes the penis is plastically hardened, which during erection causes discomfort, pain, and problems with intercourse.
In some cases of Peyronie’s disease, there has been no traumatic happening of causing injury, hence its causes are not clear.
The risk of illness can increase, however, genetics and age. The changes in the tissues, which lead to easy damage and more difficult healing worsen with age. Cases of the disease are also common in men with erectile tissue in the so-called Dupuytren’s contracture.
The main symptom of Peyronie’s disease is the formation of flat scars on the upper side of the penis, but they happen, also on the bottom and sides. There are some occasions in which scar tissue surrounding the penis causing a “bottleneck” deformation. Injuries contribute to painful erections, soft erections or cause severe curvature of the penis.
Growths scar reduces flexibility, and penis often starts to bend up, or twisted to the side. By unusual contortion, sexual relations become much more challenging, and scar tissue can cause cramps or shorten the penis.
Diagnosis and treatment of Peyronie’s disease
In the case of injury or other symptoms, should consult problem with your doctor, who will assess the location and amount of scar tissue. It also allows determining whether the penis was shortened. Sometimes the doctor suggests, to take an additional ultrasound or X-ray, which will reveal the invisible scars.
No cure can fight Peyronie’s disease, but the problem is curable and can also arbitrarily pass with time.
Among the modern treatments are used medications (injected into the penis) or in extreme cases, the solution is surgery, especially when the pain and curvature do not disappear over time.
The drug used in the case of deviations of the penis, over 30 degrees during erection is Clostridium histolytic, which involves the use of a series of injections, which are designed to spread accumulated collagen. Are also used oral agents – typically used for the treatment of high-pressure, or injections of interferon, which helps to break down the fibrous tissue.
Among non-surgical options are also used iontophoresis – a technique that uses a weak electric current. Recommended are also massages of the penis when it is not erect, and the use of spontaneous straightening of the penis (erection). Important can also be lifestyle changes like:
- quit smoking
- reducing alcohol consumption,
- abstain, against using the stimulants, including drugs,
- the introduction of regular physical activity.
Surgery is a last resort in the treatment of Peyronie’s disease, the most commonly used in cases of severe deformity of the penis. It is recommended to wait at least one year after the onset of symptoms, before it is taken, the final step. Surgical procedures for treating a disease can include:
- shortening intact scarred places
- penile implants.
- extension running along the scar.
All procedures are relatively risky and may have, in fact, some complications, such as erectile dysfunction, or a significant reduction in the penis.
In the treatment, are also used the natural medicines, as supplementation of acetonitrile-L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10 or Vitamin E.