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Testicular pain may be a sign of severe disorders, such as torsion pedicle kernel, sexually transmitted diseases, or is associated with minor injuries surrounding testicular.
Male testicles are egg-shaped reproductive organs, located in the scrotum. When pain occurs, the symptoms should be evaluated promptly, because they can cause irreversible damage to the testicles and scrotum.
The causes of testicular pain
Among the most common causes of testicular pain is damage or injury which can cause discomfort, but also medical problems requiring treatment, manifested as pain. The most likely reasons causing testicular pain are:
- scrotum nerve damage resulting from diabetic neuropathy.
- inflammation of the testicles or epididymis, caused by sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia,
- gangrene or tissue necrosis associated with torsion pedicle kernel or other trauma,
- hydrocele – which is characterized by swelling of the scrotum,
- an inguinal hernia,
- kidney stones,
- cyst or accumulation of fluid in the nucleus,
- undescended testicles,
- varicose veins or enlarged testicles.
In some cases, the testicular pain can be caused by severe medical conditions such as testicular torsion, which blocks the flow of blood into the nucleus which can lead to tissue damage. Some medical problems may be associated with life-threatening, so if symptoms occur, it is necessary to react quickly, because it can prevent damage to the testicles.
Testicular pain is a rare cause of testicular tumors because these are usually caused by nodules, which in most cases are painless. However, when along with the pain, there are suspicious changes as lumps or bumps, you should tell your doctor.
The symptoms of testicular pain
Among the symptoms of pain in the testes, except, pain in itself may also be mentioned:
- nodule or nodules appearing in the scrotum and its surroundings,
- redness of the scrotum, and a higher temperature or exaggerated sensitivity.
- symptoms associated with mumps (especially after the last contact with the sick person).
If the pain symptoms appear suddenly and unexpectedly, need to consult a physician immediately, especially if:
- the pain is intense,
- there are nausea and vomiting.
- pain caused by injury is extremely burdensome, or swelling persists, even after an hour after the injury.
Testicular pain and often also relates to an abdomen and groin pain, which may occur even sooner than those in the vicinity of the scrotum.
The treatment of testicular pain
Pain that does not require medical care can be treated with home remedies that can help, for example, alleviate it after an unfortunate impact. It will be helpful:
- wearing a special pad or underwear, which maintains the scrotum,
- the use of cold packs in ice to reduce the swelling of the scrotum
- warm baths, which relax the kernel and soothe pain,
- while resting in the supine position arrange rolled towel under the scrotum.
- the use of painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen to help ease the pain.
If the pain becomes unbearable and persists, consult a doctor who will perform a physical examination – assess the abdomen, groin, and scrotum, conduct an interview, and then help determine what is causing the pain.
For an accurate diagnosis, it is often necessary to perform additional tests as:
- USG, which will contribute to assessing the condition of the testicles and scrotum,
- urine analysis,
- examination of secretions from the prostate.
Treatment may include the use of antibiotics in infections, painkillers, and in exceptional cases, it may be necessary a surgical intervention. Surgery also reduces the build-up of fluid in the testes.
Testicular pain, in most cases, can be treated successfully. Unfortunately, untreated infections, such as chlamydia or another severe disease may cause permanent damage to the testicles and scrotum. Damage can also affect fertility and reproduction. The appearance of the steering stalk kernel can contribute to gangrene, which can cause life-threatening infections that can spread throughout the body.
Can not prevent all causes of testicular pain, but one can try to avoid them by:
- wearing protective gear crotch while practicing risky sports,
- practicing safe sex – using condoms,
- examining the kernel at least once a month,
- emptying the bladder completely when urinating, which helps prevent urinary tract infections.