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Depression is a common mental disorder that makes people experience the depressed mood, feelings of guilt or low self-esteem, as well as sleep disorders, loss of appetite, a decrease of energy and poor concentration.
Depression takes on many forms, usually starting from feeling down or sad. These very unpleasant feelings, often accompanying due to a particular cause, but when a person experiences disorder, the feelings are intense, is deepening anxiety, sense of hopelessness and helplessness, and other negative emotions that do not pass.
The disorder can happen to anyone, even those who seemingly have no problems. Depression also affects people of all ages. Half of the people suffering from depression is going through it only once in a lifetime, but in the second half of it is a repetitive experience. Living with depression is tough not only for patients but also for their families, friends and the people around them.
The symptoms of depression
Among the main symptoms of the disorder which are depression, include:
- fatigue and loss of energy,
- unceasing grief,
- loss of self-confidence and self-esteem,
- difficulty in concentrating and focusing.
- the problem in the feeling of joy, even the things that are fun and exciting,
- anxiety associated with all the time,
- avoiding other people – even close friends,
- a sense of helplessness and hopelessness,
- sleep problems – difficulty falling asleep and early breaking up in the morning or at night,
- a profound sense of guilt and worthlessness,
- problems in daily functioning, including work, school, home,
- lack of appetite,
- libido and sexual problems,
- the physical pain,
- suicidal thoughts and meditating about death,
The causes of depression
The disorder can occur suddenly as a result of physical illness, the experience that goes back to childhood, in a person who lost a job, after the loss of a loved one, in a situation tangling family problems or other life events.
In the case of diseases associated with depression, most often it occurs in cancer patients, with heart disease, back pain, damage the pituitary gland, as a result of head injury and the like. However, there are situations where the cause of depression is not clear.
Among the types of depression may be mentioned:
- mild depression – it has a limited impact on daily functioning, it can cause problems with concentration at work or weaken the motivation to do things that have not yet accounted for the problems,
- depression – that conflicts with the everyday life of the patient, which causes eating disorders, problems with sleep and other functions, can be a reason for hospitalization when the ill person begins to act against himself,
- bipolar disorder – mood swings may be extreme – from the peaks, in which the patient feels the excitement, the low levels manifested by complete despair, lethargy, and suicidal thoughts,
- postpartum depression – the so-called baby blues, usually following several days after birth, when the woman feels the fears and concerns, often appear here sleeping problems, panic attacks and intense fear of death, there are also negative feelings towards the child,
- a seasonal affective disorder – are associated with the onset of winter and shortened the day, can last until spring and manifested by excessive stress, grief, or fears.
There are several different ways to treat the disease, but first, should be consulted a family physician who will help choose the best solution. Among the traditional methods of dealing with illness is counseling – giving people the opportunity to discuss everyday problems that can cause depression, and at a later stage allows to deal with the problem.
Cognitive therapy allows, in turn, direct the way of thinking and determine what causes depression. It teaches to face problems and helps to regain balance. Slightly more intense than the above, includes psychotherapy, which helps deal with problems rooted deep, and that are relevant to early experiences that affect essential relations of the patient. It also contributes to building a better self-image and communicate more efficiently with others.
Antidepressants are used in many cases, but they may have certain side effects. With mild depression, types are not needed to reach immediately for medication. When deciding to pharmacological treatment, it is necessary to use it under medical supervision, because the long term it may be very harmful.