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Paranoia is a disorder that causes an intense feeling of anxiety or scary feelings. Very is often associated with a sense of harassment, threats or conspiracy. Paranoia is accompanying the numerous mental disorders, but most often occurs in the treatment of psychotic disorders.
Fear makes a person feel disturbed that other people are trying to harm her, even if there is any evidence for this. It also causes unwarranted fear that something bad is going to happen, and it’s other people are responsible for it.
The person who suffers from paranoia has thoughts and irrational beliefs, it may feel that one’s thoughts and feelings are not true, is suspicious and has delusions that consider being real. Racing thoughts, however, does not make a person with disorders, can not function in daily life or work. Her life, however, may be limited in a certain way. Besides, the person starts isolate itself.
The illusion associated with paranoia is a strange belief a person disturbed by the fact that the truth is entirely different than shown by the evidence. On the other hand, delusional disorder is characterized by intense, irrational belief or suspicion that a person believes to be true. These beliefs may seem strange and impossible, but to be described as a delusional disorder, the symptoms must last for at least a month.
The symptoms of paranoia
The symptoms of paranoia, include intense and irrational dislike or suspicion, which may cause a person with the disorder a sense of fear, anger, and betrayal. Among other symptoms related to disturbed behavior of individuals are:
- distrust towards other people – including relatives,
- difficulties with forgiveness,
- aggressive defensive posture in response to an imaginary criticism
- care and concerns about ulterior motives,
- the feeling of being cheated or used,
- the problems with the ability to rest,
- having trouble sleeping – mainly insomnia,
The causes of paranoia
Scientists believe that paranoia and its symptoms affect people almost as often as depression or anxiety.
The primary cause of fear is a division of the functions of mental and emotional, that are associated with reasoning and attribution of meaning. Not fully understood, are the causes of these divisions, however, some of the symptoms relate to anticipated or repressed feelings.
Paranoia and irrational feelings are often associated with certain events and relationships in human life, which increase the sense of isolation and make it difficult to ask for help. Kind of abnormal experiences can be caused by traumatic events, lack of sleep, as a reaction to the loss of a loved one – for example, in mourning, alcohol, and drug abuse, or mental illness.
The treatment of paranoia
The treatment of paranoia usually includes pharmacological treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy. But the most important element of therapy of paranoia is to build relationships based on trust and cooperation, which helps to reduce the impact of irrational, horrible thoughts and improves social skills.
The treatment is not easy for a person with paranoia, because, among the symptoms is increased irritability, emotional blockage (creating defensive wall), and even hostility. But no matter how slow the process will be, constant and consistent work with patients can improve their quality of life.