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Chalazion in the eye is a small tumor or cyst, which appears on the eyelid due to the appearance of inflammation or blocked eyelid glands. A chalazion often resembles stye, may be soft or filled with fluid and harder, so it forms keloids around the meibomian gland on the eyelid but is usually not painful.
The problem can develop on both the upper and lower eyelids, and without treatment most often disappears within two weeks to a month. Unfortunately, in some cases, chalazion can be hypertrophic enough, so it influences the view or can be caused by skin cancer.
A chalazion is caused by the clogging of the Meibomian gland on the eyelid. Some of us are more susceptible to inflammation of these sites so that it can be quite a hassle problem. The most common causes of the chalazion include:
- eye contact with unclean hands;
- previous inflammatory conditions of eyelid glands;
- acne rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis and other inflammatory condition of the skin;
- viral infections.
Too frequent touching of the eyelids with unclean hands significantly increases the risk of eye illness, as adipose glands may be blocked by dirt. Also, people who have a tendency to inflammation of the eyelids, are at increased risk of developing them again.
Symptoms of chalazion on the eye
The most common symptoms of the chalazion include:
- hard lump on the eyelid, which appeared from day to day;
- tearful eyes;
- blurred or difficult to see;
- sensitivity to light;
- redness of the eyelids.
A chalazion is often confused with a stye, but it is less painful and can result from the appearance of a stye. If inflammation on the eyelid persists for up to two weeks and begins to affect vision, contact your doctor.
Diagnosis and treatment of chalazion on the eye
The diagnosis in most cases is made by the assessment of the tumor, which appeared on the eyelid. The doctor also evaluates the symptoms that allow him to exclude a stye or other health problem.
Treatment of chalazion depends on its severity, but often the problem disappears alone. This is not a contagious disease, so antibiotics do not pass the test in this case.
It is best to put on warm compresses – several times a day for the time up to 10 minutes. This treatment helps to reduce swelling, and remove the blockage of the eyelid glands. Sometimes the doctor recommends massaging the cyst several times a day, which also allows you to unlock the blockage. The important thing, however, is thorough handwashing before contact with the eyes, and compresses must be clean.
If the problem persists after two weeks to a month, your doctor may recommend surgical removal of chalazion or steroid treatment. However, these methods are mainly used in situations where cysts are excessively obstructive to the vision and also poses the risk of astigmatism (abnormal corneal curvature).
A surgical solution is an ultimate remedy only if home and steroid treatment is not effective. In rare cases, chalazion can cause skin cancer, so when it does not go away, it is reasonable to do additional tests.
Prevention of chalazion is relatively easy, even if we have a tendency towards this unpleasant eye condition. The hygiene of the eye area, the use of warm compresses at bedtime, the use of baby shampoos (because they do not irritate the eyes) or the use of eye droplets to help wash away dirt.