Eye stye


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Eye stye (Lat. hordeolum) is an abscess within the eyelid glands that results from the blockage of one of the eyelid glands located in the skin of the eyelid or the occlusion of one of the small circulatory glands at the base of the eyelid. This abscess may appear on the lower or upper lid and is often caused by bacterial infections, usually Staphylococcus.

You can distinguish two types of eye stye:

  • Eye infection that causes a tender lump on the eyelid, it is also called an internal hordeolum.
  • A chalazion – which is a lump in the eyelid.

Causes of eye stye

Eye stye is caused by infection and blockage of sweat glands or sebaceous glands and is caused by scarring, dirt or foreign substances like makeup or dust. Gagging of the glands makes them obese, and hence the accumulation of sebum from the eye glands causes inflammation.

The eye stye is most often associated with a slowing down of sebaceous glandular slowing down the drain, which is commonly associated with chronic inflammatory conditions called meibomian gland dysfunction. Another reason for increasing the risk of eye disease is acne on the cheek or nose, as well as the occlusion of the tubules due to scarring after infections, burns or injuries. Substances such as makeup and dust also increase the risk of eye stye (most often in the external form) when they are not properly cleansed. Eye stye does not belong to infectious diseases.

Symptoms of eye stye

Among the most common symptoms that are common with the eye stye are:

  • foreign body sensation in the eye,
  • perceived pressure,
  • pain in the abscess area, although often the eye stye is painless,
  • there may be a problem with blurred vision if sebum or oil from the inside of the eye comes to the surface of the eye.

If chronic disc dysfunction occurs, dry eye symptoms may occur. All this is because the blocked glands can not grease the surface of the eye, which prevents rapid evaporation of water from the surface of the eye between the blinking. Poorly functioning meibomian gland can lead to dry eye.

Signs of eye stye include:

  • the presence of an abscess or a lump at the edge of the eyelid,
  • swelling and swollen eyelids look,
  • rupture of the abscess may appear purulent is the eyelid,
  • lachrymation,
  • irritation and pain in the eyelids.

Diagnosis and treatment of eye stye

A doctor during examination locates palpebral obstructed gland, and eye stye assesses its type and its cause – tissue scarring, foreign body or chronic inflammation resulting from meibomian gland dysfunction. The doctor evaluates the appearance of the eyelid gland infection.

The best way to treating eye stye is the use of warm compresses. It should be remembered that the eye stye may be a problem that can accompany us for a few days to several months.

A stye that appears without infection will disappear by itself, and warm wraps can soothe and gently unlock the glands that slowly return to proper functioning. Avoid self-pressing and cutting the styes as this can cause scarring. If an inflammation occurs, it usually takes longer to heal, but it can gradually disappear slowly over a prolonged period.


If the stye does not disappear, it may be necessary to use a steroid treatment, often contributing to the rapid treatment. However, this may cause slight bleeding, skin depigmentation, scarring or pain. Rare cases may include loss of vision.

When the stye becomes unusually large and persists for a long time making it difficult for vision it may be necessary to cut and clean it out of the oil. Eyelids must then be anesthetized. Sometimes this method may be ineffective as sty returns.

Infection related to the stye may require treatment with oral antibiotics, and some diseases can spread in the whole eye. In the case of conjunctivitis or rosacea may become necessary ophthalmic antibiotics. Some doctors recommend stopping wearing contact lenses for the period of stye treatment.

Eye stye most often does not carry complications can only be related to the appearance of scarring, discoloration, etc. as well as problems and complications related to the type of treatment used.

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