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Retinal detachment is a severe eye condition that occurs when the diaphragm located at the back of the eye, responsible for light processing, moves away from it. Because retina does not work properly, this condition can cause blindness if we do not get immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of retinal detachment
This extremely dangerous eye condition is not usually associated with pain symptoms, so it is important to pay attention to other factors such as:
- blurred image
- partial loss of vision – the effect of obscuring the field of view of the effect of the blackout
- sudden flashes of light that appear when looking at the side,
- the sensation of seeing black spots or strings that appear in the eye.
Causes of retinal detachment
Among the leading causes of retinal detachment can be mentioned:
- disorders related to inflammation, which causes an accumulation of fluid behind the retina,
- tumor located behind the retina,
- astigmatism that causes abnormal blood vessel development resulting in leaks of fluid that accumulate behind the retina.
- problems with the vitreous of the eye, which is especially prevalent in the elderly,
- extreme myopia, which causes pressure on the eyes,
- the family history of diseases of the retina,
- eye injuries,
- age over 50 years,
- previous history of retinal detachment,
- complications following cataract surgery,
Diagnosis and treatment of retinal detachment
To diagnose retinal detachment, the doctor performs a thorough eye examination, checking the correctness of vision, intraocular pressure, the physical appearance of the eye, the ability to see colors, and the ability of the retina to send impulses to the brain or blood flow through the whole eye. Sometimes it also helps painless ultrasound examination, which creates a more accurate picture of the eye.
Treatment of retinal detachment in most cases requires surgery. Sometimes a simple operation at the ophthalmologist is enough. If a hole or retention occurs in the retina (but it is still attached), your doctor will perform a procedure called laser photocoagulation that will allow you to stick to the retina.
Other treatments for retinal detachment is cryotherapy, the application of vitrectomy and the like.
People with retinal detachment usually regain good eye condition quickly, especially if the retina has not been damaged. This, however, depends on the severity of the problem and the speed at which specialist help is provided. Sometimes, however, the vision may be permanently damaged.
Unfortunately, no way helps to prevent detachment of the retina, but you can protect your eyes from injury (wearing safety glasses) while playing sports or using dangerous tools, ensuring an appropriate level of blood sugar (diabetics) and regular visits to the doctor.
It is also important to observe potential symptoms, and when any of the above occurs, it is important that you immediately go to the doctor.