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Blood dyscrasias are a condition that appears when one or more blood components is impaired. This state may occur when the various components of blood as white blood cells, red blood cells or platelets in the blood are reduced or increased in amount in morphology.
Blood dyscrasias are divided into different types and are associated with various infectious diseases such as von Willebrand’s disease, which occurs when the coagulation is difficult because of the low quantity of proteins in the blood.
Can also be distinguished:
- hemophilia – when the disease affects the blood coagulation affecting the platelets,
- thrombocytopenia – a state in which there is a low number of platelets, which can cause a severe decrease in the production of platelets leading to excessive bleeding,
- anemia – a painful condition that occurs in red blood cells – most commonly affects children,
- hemorrhage – the state caused by the low number of red blood cells or mild anemia, resulting from severe bleeding.
These types may exist in the mixed encompassing both blemish of platelet, plasma or diseases.
Symptoms of blood dyscrasias
Among the main symptoms that appear when suffering from blood dyscrasias are:
- pale skin,
- general weakness,
- reduction in red blood cells
- frequent infections caused by a reduced number of white blood cells.
Symptoms may also be associated with the appearance of certain types of diseases related to hemorrhagic flaws:
- idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura causes, among other things, a sudden and petechiae spot of blood on the skin,
- thrombosis can cause bleeding and anemia,
- Willebrand disease can cause bleeding from the gums and nose,
- hemophilia is combined with bleeding into joints, as well as heavy bleeding during trauma surgery and easy bruising.
The causes of blood dyscrasias
Blood dyscrasias can have various causes, depending on the type. Among the reasons for which a patient touches the bleeding disorder may be genetic factors.
Other causes include diseases that occur as a result of infection, mutations in the genes that reduce platelet count impair the functioning of platelets or lose clotting factors, which consequently causes problems with blood clotting (in the healing of wounds and also the hemorrhages internal).
The cause of bleeding disorders can be various combinations of dysfunction or deficiency factors involved in blood clotting.
The problem extravasations, which can be observed in the elderly occurs due to overlapping of several health concerns including hypoprothrombinemia caused by postinflammatory cirrhosis fragility and susceptibility to altered sclerotic capillaries.
Blood dyscrasias can also occur as a result of poisoning (such mushrooms), when acute loss of liver function reduces the concentration of prothrombin produced by it, causing toxic damage to the endothelium of blood vessels
Treatment of blood dyscrasias depends on the nature of the problem of blood. This could include:
- pharmacological treatment,
- transfusion of blood products and bone marrow transplant
- sometimes helpful, are the steroid therapies,
- and replacement of platelets or white blood cells.