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Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, is a dangerous condition associated with low levels of blood sugar, which can occur among people with diabetes who use medicines that increase insulin levels.
The use of excessive amounts of medication of insulin, skipping meals, eating less than what is needed or exercise more than usual, can lead to lower sugar levels in the body and thus cause low blood sugar.
Lack of sugar, also called glucose, makes the body can not perform its normal functions correctly. The sugar concentration is too low when it falls below 70 mg / dl. Critical is the immediate treatment of low blood sugar. Otherwise, it may have serious health consequences.
The causes of low blood sugar
Hypoglycemia can occur for many reasons, but mainly it is a side effect of diabetes treatment.
Diabetes affects the body’s ability to utilize insulin, and therefore, in the treatment of disease, insulin injections are used to help in the regulation of its levels in the blood. If you inject too much insulin, may lower blood sugar too low, which in turn can lead to hypoglycemia.
Other causes of low blood sugar are also:
- eating too little meals,
- an excess of physical activity,
- use of some medicines, such as quinine,
- consuming excessive amounts of alcohol,
- some of the medical conditions like inflammation of the liver or kidneys,
- a tumor that produces an excess of insulin.
- endocrine disorders, e.g., in the adrenal glands.
The symptoms low blood sugar
The symptoms of hypoglycemia may occur suddenly and can take the form of:
- blurry image,
- rapid heartbeat,
- sudden changes in mood,
- pallor of the skin,
- unjustified fatigue,
- trembling of the body,
- difficulty sleeping,
- tingling of the skin,
- problems with clear thinking and concentrating,
- loss of consciousness.
There are cases where there are no warning symptoms, and appears then a sudden fainting and even coma. Low blood sugar may be a life-threatening condition, which is why fast relief is required.
When there are any of the symptoms as mentioned above, you should immediately consume 15 grams of quickly absorbable carbohydrates, such as a spoon of honey, a few crackers, 3 or 4 candy sweets, sugar spoon. Helpful may also be wearing the bracelet with information about the health condition which will allow others to respond quickly in the event of a critical situation.
Diagnosis and treatment of low blood sugar
Low blood sugar can be diagnosed by a blood test – usually using the meter. Often, however, symptoms may be a signal sufficient, especially for people who with diabetes and have some experience. The symptoms of hypoglycemia usually look much worse in a person who is not yet treated.
The best way to treat hypoglycemia is the intake of carbohydrate meal, so people with diabetes should always have close at hand high carb snacks. It is also possible to take glucose tablets, which are available in pharmacies without a prescription.
After eating a portion of carbohydrates should wait 15 minutes and re-check blood sugar levels. If the sugar level does not rise, then it is necessary to repeat the steps until reaching the optimal blood sugar levels. It is worth also to plan eating regular meals and snacks throughout the day to help stabilize blood sugar levels in the body.