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Rheumatism is a disease that affects the joints and muscles. It is one of the disorders of the immune system, causing pain in the joints, muscles and the muscles surrounding the soft tissue – connective tissue.
The very word “rheumatism” has its origin in Latin rheumatismus, and Greek rheumatismos and the first time was used at the end of the fourteenth century when it named the symptoms of intense pain flowing from the joints, tendons, muscles and ligaments throughout the body. This disease encompasses a wide range of symptoms and medical conditions that may appear in single points of the body as knee joint pain or lower back pain, but also more generally, causing the so-called rheumatoid arthritis.
The symptoms of rheumatism
People suffering from rheumatism frequently suffer from joint pain, muscle pain, or both. Pain caused inflammatory conditions is experienced to varying degrees. It may be accompanied by joint stiffness and limitation of movement in the area of aching body parts. Joints affected areas, react more or less painful. Usually more bearable is the pain in feet. Unfortunately, in the area of the hips, knees or spine pain intensity is often very high. Frequently rheumatoid pain in the spine results in a pain of neck or back.
There are over 100 conditions which may lead to rheumatism. Any condition that causes aches, inflammation, limitation of movement or problems with muscles and tendons, usually may be placed under the term of rheumatic condition because its symptoms are closely related to rheumatism. Problems can include a single joints or muscles or the whole body.
Depending on the location of the disease condition can be distinguished by:
- inflammation of the tendons;
- bursitis – when the inflammation occurs in the structure of soft tissue around the joints;
- injuries due to strain injuries – most commonly affect the hands and wrists of office workers, but it appears also in other smaller joints of the body;
- inflammation in the shoulder – causing difficulties on lifting the arm upwards, often are connected with tissue injury occurs after excessive muscle tone;
- carpal tunnel syndrome – resulting from to much pressure on the nerves in the wrist, causing tingling in the arms;
- pain in the neck – similar to the pain in the shoulder, may hinder the rotation of the head;
- gout – arthritis due to deposition of uric acid crystals in the connective tissue;
- degenerative joint disease – is the result of a sizeable “use” of the joints, revealing the pain and limitations of movement throughout the body;
- back pain – among its numerous reasons are also rheumatic conditions;
- fibromyalgia – is characterized by inflammation of the muscle and connective tissue from a variety of causes;
- polymyalgia rheumatic – affects the muscles of the arms and thighs;
- lupus, scleroderma, polymyositis, dermatomyositis – all autoimmune diseases affecting the muscle and connective tissue.
People suffering from rheumatism, very often need to make major changes in their diet and lifestyle, as they can help to ease the symptoms. The most common methods of treating rheumatism and rheumatoid diseases states are painkillers – pills or gels, but they must be reasonable dosed under medical supervision.
Also known are numerous natural remedies to help with joint pain and muscle as arnica and devil’s claw.
Since many people experience the alleviate the symptoms of pain in rheumatic joints and muscles by reducing stress levels, the excellent treatment is relaxation, yoga, hypnosis and other techniques and methods (including anti-depressants) that support mood improvement and alleviation of anxiety.