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Biliary colic is characterized by constant or intermittent pain in the upper abdomen, usually on the right side of the chest.
This problem occurs when there is a restriction of the flow of bile from the gallbladder. Bile itself is a liquid, which contributes to the proper digestion of fats. In a normal condition, bile is in the liver and is stored in the gall bladder, when consuming the food being transported by the cystic channels, then mixed with the partly digested food in the small intestine.
The causes of biliary colic
Biliary colic is associated most often with the appearance of gallstones, which can block any channel of flow of bile, which is disturbed the natural process of flow of bile into the intestine. Muscle cells, when we have gallstones can move the stones, causing painful biliary colic.
Among other reasons biliary colic, there may be mentioned biliary stenosis or the appearance of a tumor, which can block the flow of bile.
The symptoms biliary colic
- pain or tightness and discomfort in the upper abdomen – pain can be in the middle of the upper abdomen, just below the sternum, or in the top right torso near the gallbladder and liver; some of the abdominal pain spreads toward the right shoulder;
- nausea and vomiting.
Biliary colic symptoms are caused by the need of the digestive system, for the bile, which is necessary, especially after the meals fatty foods. Symptoms may also occur in people who rapidly eat large meals (especially on an empty stomach).
Diagnosis and treatment of biliary colic
Diagnosing after determining the symptoms, involves determining whether we are also dealing with gallstones or other cause of biliary colic. It is used, abdominal ultrasound, and performed blood tests, especially if also appears fever and the pain persists.
Most cases of biliary colic pass from one to five hours, and after the intense pain sometimes maintained mild aching even overnight.
Treatment primarily involves relieving symptoms and the doctor may prescribe painkillers and order the use of special fat-free diet.
If the pain persists and nothing helps alleviate it, it may be necessary to remove the gallbladder using a laparoscope. This method is very useful and safe, and there is also almost no complications.
In situations where the operation can not be performed, and symptoms of biliary colic persist, medication is used to help dissolve gallstones. Sometimes also is used Lithotripsy – treatment, which with the help of focused shock waves breaking gallstones. In these methods, the treatment is effective, but there are cases of relapse within a few years.
Among the possible side effects may occur acute cholecystitis or any other complication of cholelithiasis.
Illness is associated with several factors that increase the risk of its occurrence:
- high fat diet.
You can, however, prevent the disease by promoting healthy lifestyles.