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Organ mycosis is caused by micro-organisms, among which the most common are fungi and yeasts like Candida albicans.
- fungal diseases of the esophagus,
- fungal pneumonia,
- fungal infections of the mouth,
- fungal infections of the urinary tract,
- a fungal infections of the vagina.
In most cases, the organ fungal infections occur in healthy individuals, but harder to treat, they tend to be, in patients with a weakened immune system in the case of health problems such as:
- HIV / AIDS,
- organ transplantation,
- while taking steroid medications, antibiotics and chemotherapy.
In these cases, the appearance of fungal complications can be connected, even life-threatening.
The symptoms of organ mycosis
Mycosis organ, reveal themselves in different ways depending on the severity and type of infection and the body part in which they occur.
- changes or ulcers,
- patches in the mouth or throat or on the tongue,
- pain and bleeding gums,
- problems with swallowing,
- burning, irritation, white vaginal discharge with the consistency of curds from the vagina,
- burning sensation during urination,
The causes of mycoses of organ
Among the causes of organ mycosis, mention may be many types of fungi and yeast. Most fungal diseases of fungal infections in the mouth, stomach and intestines and vagina, causes the Candida albicans. Fungi can also cause fungal infections of the lungs caused by inhaling fungi embryos.
Individual factors and conditions may cause excessive growth of fungi in the body. These are most commonly:
- Taking antibiotics – antibiotics can kill the “healthy” bacteria in the body, with the “bad”, which cause the disease. Impaired the microbial balance of the oral cavity, vagina, intestine, and other places in the body is changed, which leads to excessive growth of Candida albicans and other fungi.
- A weakened immune system due to certain conditions like HIV / AIDS, the use of steroids or chemotherapy.
- A weakened immune system due to an organ transplant.
- High levels of blood sugar caused by diabetes, which is an ideal breeding ground for fungi and encourages them to growth.
- Fungal infections can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to the baby during a vaginal delivery or while breastfeeding.
The risk of fungal infection, further enhance:
- very young or old age of the patient,
- the use of certain cosmetics,
- exposure to contaminated surfaces,
- a weakened immune system,
- longer periods of taking strong antibiotics.
The treatment of mycoses of organ
Organ mycosis should be treated in a manner appropriate to the type of fungal infection, the place of its location and the type of fungus or yeast, which contributed to its creation.
- Antiseptic rinse mouth for thrush.
- Diagnosis and treatment of other diseases associated with fungal infection include diabetes to controlling blood glucose levels to minimize the conversion of the disease.
- Yoghurt food, or supplements acidophil to help improve the disturbed balance of microorganisms in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract.
- The use of prescription drugs, including oral medications or antifungal local as fluconazole.
Complications of mycoses of the organ can be dangerous for people with weakened immune systems, since in these cases, the infection can spread throughout the body, causing a fungal infection of critical organs such as the heart and brain. Poorly treated organ mycosis may contribute to the emergence of life-threatening complications as:
- an abscess,
- organ failure,
- transplant rejection.
The risk of fungal infections of organs can be reduced by taking care of hygiene and a healthy diet. It should also be remembered, a suitable treatment of diseases or the use of antibiotics only where this is necessary.