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Vascular purpura occurs when blood vessels are broken, and the accumulated blood spot causes arising under the skin spots.
Vascular purpura may be a sign of a serious condition such as impaired blood coagulation, infection, and rubella. Stains occurring under the skin most commonly take the purple hue. Spots of stored blood can also be located in the body or mucous membranes, including the membranes inside the mouth.
Symptoms of vascular purpura
Vascular Purpura occurs when small blood vessels break, resulting in an accumulation of blood in the skin. Its main symptom is, therefore, purple spots, which can be both small and larger in the form of patches.
It may happen that symptom of the disease is excessive sensitivity, which appears in bruising and bleeding.
The causes of vascular purpura
Problems with the appearance of purpura may be related to genetics or be inherited, but can also occur as a result of:
- bone marrow transplantation,
- stem cell transplantation,
- HIV infection,
- hormone therapy,
- estrogen therapy,
- the use of certain drugs.
The appearance of spots on the skin you should always consult with your doctor. Vascular purpura also appears in connection with:
- diseases that affect blood clotting,
- some inherited disorders associated with environmental factors, or rubella and cytomegaly,
- the weakening of blood vessels
- the appearance of inflammation of blood vessels,
- scurvy or severe vitamin C deficiency,
- disorders of the immune system,
- bloodstream infections.
Diagnosis and treatment of vascular purpura
These studies allow us to evaluate whether the vascular purpura is the result of a more severe condition, and additionally, blood platelet levels, can allow assessing whether we have to deal with thrombocytopenia.
The disease affects both children and adults, but the majority of cases in the youngest spontaneously disappears after a few months. In adults, it is a chronic illness and requires treatment.
Treatment depends on the cause of the disease. Healing procedures include drugs, sometimes splenectomy, and, in some cases, surgery to remove the spleen. It is often recommended, avoiding drugs such aspirin, anticoagulants or ibuprofen, because they can worsen the platelet function.
Properly treated vascular purpura, with time are mitigated, but in rare cases, the disease can cause excessive bleeding in some parts of the body, which can be dangerous to your health and even life.